George Seurat – 1859 – 1891

  • Post impressionist painter and draughtsman.
  • Developer along with Paul Signac of Pointillism
  •  juxtaposed small dots of pure colour, intended to combine and blend not on the canvas but in the viewer’s eye.
seurat_georges_1

Bathing at Asnieres 1884

Georges_Seurat_026-1

The Seine and The Grande Jatte 1988George Seurat – 1859 – 189

 

 

Bathing at Asnieres important painting,  – towards Pointillism. This was not originally pointillist at all but certain areas were revisited and the dots added for more vibrant colour.

 

 

By 1888 when this picture was painted it is apparent that the artist is becoming bolder with this style and the dots are more apparent giving a soft quality to the picture. There are no lines at all these are created only by change in colours of the dots.

 

 

The-Eiffel-Tower-1889

 

Eiffel Tower 1889

Of the three paintings I have looked at here, by Seurat, this is by far my favourite.  Now the dots are larger and less ordered. The Tower itself is almost disappearing into the sky.  It is painted in the same pallet as the rest of the picture and the whole picture has an autumnal feel.  It is almost abstract but still an identifiable.

 

 

 

Paul Signac 1863 – 1935.

  •  French neo-impressionist painter
  •  working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the pointillist style
  • originally trained as an architect

 

Paul_Signac_-_Cassis,_Cap_Lombard,_Opus_196_-_Google_Art_Project

Cassis, Cap Lombard, Opus 196, 1889

Painted by P Signac, I find this very clean to view, it uses a limited palette, blues and oranges which are complementary and therefore accentuate each other and yellows and greens softer on the eye.

The dots here are evenly, but tightly painted which gives an overall smoothness.

 

 

 

Paul_Signac,_1909,_The_Pine_Tree_at_Saint_Tropez,_oil_on_canvas,_72_x_92_cm,_Pushkin_Museum,_Moscow

This painted a little later with more vibrant colour and larger dots.

Not so gentle on the eye but the size of the dots and bright colours giving a more realistic representation of foliage.

 

The Pine Tree at Saint Tropez, 1909

 

 

Whilst looking for information on op art I read the article on the Op-art.co.uk website below.

http://www.op-art.co.uk/history/perspective/

http://www.op-art.co.uk/history/op-art-history-part-ii/

http://www.op-art.co.uk/history/op-art-history-part-iii/

untitled-diagonal-curve

Untitled Diagonal Curve-1966 Bridget Riley

vasarely-galaxie

Galaxie 1979 Victor Vasarely

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Above two examples of Op Art.  Op Art is designed to fool the eye by using colour and line to create movement or the illusion of it.  The the picture Galaxie by Victor Vasarely one is not sure whether the smaller central square is at the back or front kof the picture, and the Bridge Riley picture creates a simulated movement bye the use of black white and navey lines.

Op art also optimises the colour theories that we have been looking at previously. By using complementary colour, the colours are boosted by each other increasing the effect of the illusion.

 

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Seurat

https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/artists/georges-seurat

http://www.georgesseurat.org/The-Eiffel-Tower-1889.html

http://www.paul-signac.org/the-complete-works.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Signac

http://www.op-art.co.uk/

 

Advertisements